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How to Get Rid of Hemorrhoids (Pain Free Home Remedies)

Hemorrhoids are a clump of swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum, similar to varicose veins. Sometimes the walls of these blood vessels stretch so thin that the veins bulge and get irritated, especially when you pass stools.

Swollen hemorrhoids are also commonly known as piles.

Hemorrhoids are extremely common and affect about 75% of the population. Many people have experienced or will experience this problem at least once in their lifetime. The tendency increases when you cross 50 years. It affects both men and women equally.

Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids

There are two types of hemorrhoids: internal and external. Internal hemorrhoids are inside the rectum and cannot be seen or touched. They usually cause painless bleeding, especially when passing stool.

External hemorrhoids are under the skin around the anus, where there are many more pain-sensing nerves, so they tend to hurt as well as bleed.

Sometimes hemorrhoids pro-lapse, or get bigger and bulge outside the anal sphincter. Then you may be able to see them as moist bumps that are pinker than the surrounding area. And they’re more likely to hurt, often when you poop.

 

Symptoms of Hemorrhoids

The most common symptom of the disease is blood in your stools. Others include:

  • Extreme itching around the anus
  • Irritation and pain around the anus
  • Itchy or painful lump or swelling near your anus
  • Fecal leakage
  • Painful bowel movements
  • Mucus discharge
  • A feeling that the bowel is not completely empty

The thing is that hemorrhoids don’t often display symptoms, especially in their initial stages. So you may not realize you have hemorrhoids until you see blood in your stool.

When you notice blood coming out while pooping, you should call you doctor immediately as it can also be a sign of colon polyps, colitis, Crohn’s disease, diverticulitis, and colorectal cancer.

 

Causes of Hemorrhoids

Doctors are still not completely sure what exactly causes it, but there are certain risk factors that they have identified. These factors increase your chances of piles or hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoids are caused by swelling in the anal or rectal veins. This makes them susceptible to irritation.

This swelling can be caused by several things, including:

  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Eating low fiber diet
  • Straining while passing out stools
  • Chronic diarrhea or constipation
  • Standing or sitting for long periods of time
  • Holding in your poop
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Unhygienic toilet habits

 

Treating them Naturally

Hemorrhoids in their initial stages do not usually require any treatment and often go away on their own. Even if the disease has progressed to further stages, it can still be treated at home with medication and homemade remedies.

It is only when the hemorrhoids become extremely painful and don’t go away that doctors recommend surgery. But it is so rare that less than 10% suffering from piles undergo the knife.

You too can get rid of hemorrhoids by using the following natural ways:

  1. Take Warm Sitz Baths

Sitz baths are special baths that can be put on directly on to the directly seat. You can fill these with warm water and soak your bottoms in it for 15 – 20 minutes with ease.

You can also take hot water baths by filling your bathtub with hot water and immersing yourself in it for about 15 minutes.

Use the bath method at least 2 – 3 times a week. Pat the area dry after the bath to avoid any irritation from the left over moisture in that area.

The heat from the warm baths can help reduce the inflammation in that area, thereby easing your stool passing and relieving pain in external hemorrhoids.

 

  1. Use Cold Compress

Cold works in two ways: it numbs the affected area for some time, and it reduces blood flow to the area which helps with the discomfort of the swollen veins and allows them to be pushed back inside.

To make a cold compress:

  • Wrap ice in a cloth or icepack.
  • Apply to the affected area directly and leave for about 10 minutes.
  • Repeat 3 – 4 times a day until the hemorrhoids go away.

 

  1. Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar contains constringent properties which mean it contracts the skin cells. This allows apple cider vinegar to shrink the swollen blood vessels and gives relief from the swelling and irritation of both internal and external hemorrhoids.

Unfiltered and unpasteurized vinegar provides the quickest results and is more effective.

For internal hemorrhoids:

  • Add a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar to a glass of room temperature water.
  • Stir it well and drink this at least twice a day.
  • Honey can be added to make it taste better.

For external hemorrhoids:

  • Soak a cotton ball in apple cider vinegar for few minutes.
  • Gently press the ball against the inflamed area. You may initially experience a stinging sensation.
  • Repeat this 2 – 3 times a day till it gets cured.

You can also mix half a cup of unfiltered apple cider vinegar to the warm water in sitz bath.

 

  1. Aloe Vera

Aloe vera is commonly used to treat skin inflammations and rashes due to its well known anti – inflammatory and cooling properties.

Pure aloe vera gel, extracted from the leaf and not contaminated by any other substances can be used topically to treat hemorrhoids.

To use aloe vera:

  • Extract the gel from the leaf.
  • Apply it on the affected area and gently massage it.
  • Do it once a day until you get rid of piles.

 

  1. Witch Hazel

Witch hazel is a mildly astringent shrub that has been used in folk medicine for years due its antioxidant, anti – inflammatory and anti – bacterial properties.

It helps to shrink inflamed blood vessels, relieves pain, itching and swelling while also taking care of any discomfort caused by piles.

It is not taken internally but applied topically to the anal area in the form of witch hazel distilled liquid, ointment, compress, or medicated pads.

You can dip a cotton ball in distilled liquid and rub it on the area, or you can apply the witch hazel ointment directly. Repeat the process thrice a day until you get relief from the disease.

Using compress or medicated pads in combination with toilet paper or instead of it, is also an option.

 

  1. Psyllium Husk

Psyllium husk is a naturally occurring source of fiber that is available in markets in powder form.

Plant fibers like psyllium husk can reduce the frequency of bleeding when using the bathroom and help avoid constipation or straining. When using psyllium husk, make sure to drink plenty of water.

But while it helps increase your fiber intake, and softens stools to make them easier to pass, be careful not to increase fiber too much, too quickly, as it may also cause gas or stomach cramping.

Although the psyllium husk does not affect your hemorrhoids directly, it helps combat the underlying cause of the disease, which is constipation and hard stools.

 

  1. Epsom Salts and Glycerin

This home remedy is not commonly known although it has shown to be effective when dealing with hemorrhoids.

Epsom salts are a natural exfoliant and contain anti – inflammatory properties. They also help increase magnesium levels when used in a bath. Low levels of magnesium cause constipation.

Glycerin has been used in the pharmaceutical industry to treat eye disorders, constipations and constriction of blood vessels in the heart, among many uses.

The compound made by mixing Epsom salts and glycerin can be applied directly to the area to help with the pain.

To use Epsom salts and glycerin:

  • Mix 2 tablespoons of Epsom salts with 2 tablespoons of glycerin
  • Apply the mixture to a gauze pad and place it on the painful area
  • Leave this application on the area for 15-20 minutes
  • Repeat every four to six hours until the pain eases

 

  1. Cypress Essential Oil

Cypress essential oil is an ideal treatment for bleeding hemorrhoids as it stops the bleeding and causes distressed blood vessels to contract, which helps heal sores.

The oil can be combined with a carrier oil like coconut oil or jojoba oil and applied to the affected area to relieve the discomfort caused by piles.

Pour 3 – 4 drops of cypress essential oil in a small bowl and mix 2 – 3 drops of carrier oil. A few drops of lemon juice can also be added to enhance the effectiveness of the mixture. Use a cotton ball to apply it to the affected area.

You can also few drops of the essential oil into a sitz bath and mix it with warm water.

If cypress essential oil is not readily available, you can use tea tree oil or lavender oil.

 

  1. High Fiber Foods

Foods which contain high fiber content can reduce the risk of hemorrhoids, decrease bleeding and reduce other symptoms associated with the disease.

Fiber softens stool and increases its bulk, which helps to reduce straining during bowel movements.

Men should include at least 38 grams of fiber per day and women should aim for 25 grams at the minimum.

Foods rich in fiber include chickpeas, beans, whole grains, lentils, flaxseeds, avocados, berries, figs, apples and Brussels sprouts.

Try to incorporate these foods in your daily diet. Switch your refined grain bread with whole grain, add avocado to your salad, eat one apple daily and snack on Brussels sprouts rather than on junk food.

 

  1. Drink Plenty of Water

Water is extremely important to regulate bowel movements and prevent constipation. When taking a high fiber diet, remember that it will only benefit you if you take in increased amounts of liquids.

Fiber needs water to break down food and ease the digestion process by making stools softer. Lack of sufficient water can harden your stools and cause your hemorrhoids to bleed.

Fluid loss and fluid restriction can increase constipation, which can worsen hemorrhoid symptoms. To relieve constipation and get rid of hemorrhoids, drink at least one glass of water with each meal and snack of the day.

If your hemorrhoids continue to be painful and uncomfortable even after you have tried home treatments, you should consult your doctor.

Other References: Patient infoHarvard